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Attendance & Truancy

Attendance & Truancy

Students who are alert and ready to learn in school each day make the most of the learning opportunities offered. Regular attendance also contributes to school resources, because each school’s budget is based on its average daily attendance from the previous year.

 

Parents’ legal responsibility for attendance

Parents are legally responsible for ensuring that each child between 6 and 18 years old attends school during the entire school year. Anyone age 16 or 17 may be permitted to enroll in continuation classes. (See the Directory for Alternative Education programs.) Parents of truant students may be held civilly and criminally accountable for their children’s truancy.

Education Code Section 48200

 

Attendance communication

When a child is absent from school, his or her parent must call the school each day to validate the absence. In addition, at the start of school or during middle or high school registration, parents who have not already enrolled in the automated calling system should select a Personal Identification Number (PIN) that allows them access to the system. Each evening, the system calls parents of students who were absent that day. Parents enter student information for a security match, listen to a menu of excuses, and then enter the appropriate number. The messages are offered in English, Spanish, Cantonese, Vietnamese, and Cambodian.

Parents must respond by 3 p.m. the following day for the absence to be cleared.

 

Absences

Absences from school are accepted only in cases of illness, quarantine, medical appointments, funeral services of an immediate family member, jury duty, and certain justifiable personal reasons. For the full text of the absence policy in Education Code 48205, including rights to make up assignments and tests, see the Appendix.

 

Education Code Section 46014, 48205, 48980 (j); Board Policies 5113, 6154; Academic Regulations 5113, 6154

 

Students in grades 7–12 may be excused from school to obtain confidential medical services without the consent of their parent. Education Code Section 46010.1

 

Unexcused absences may affect a student’s academic standing and may result in no credit being earned for a course in middle or high school. Education Code Section 48205

 

Late students

Students who arrive in class after the bell has rung are considered tardy. Tardy students, especially at the secondary level, may be required to attend after-school or weekend detention. Students who are 30 minutes late without a valid excuse three or more times are considered truant. Students who regularly arrive late to school may be excluded from extracurricular activities, including proms, athletics, and graduation ceremonies. Parents will also receive a Notification of Truancy (NOT) letter in the mail from the district alerting them of their child’s truancy.

 

Truancy consequences

A student who receives a NOT letter in the mail may also be invited to a Student Attendance Review Team (SART) meeting, to be held at the school site with school personnel. An attendance contract is signed at that meeting. If the contract is subsequently broken, the school may refer the student to the School Attendance Review Board (SARB) for a hearing. If attendance still does not improve, SARB may refer the student and/or parent o the district attorney and/or probation department or to court for prosecution and/or disposition of the matter.
 

Education Code Section 40293

 

Truancy retrieval

Students who are out of school during school hours without a valid pass or permit may be transported by any peace officer to the Oakland Truancy Attendance Program (OTAP), located at 900 12th Street, Building H. One- and two-time repeaters will appear before the School Attendance Review Board (SARB) for a hearing. If attendance still does not improve, SARB may refer the student to juvenile court or the district attorney. Truancy is a serious offense and may result in a criminal complaint against a parent who fails to comply with the state attendance requirement.
 
Education Code Section 48260, Board Policy 5113.1
 
Last Modified on August 13, 2009